Chess Gambits Kings Gambit Queens Gambit

One of the first things a chess instructor will tell a student is that the student must control the center. The student then looks up and asks how he can do it if his opponent is doing the same thing. While not the only strategy, a gambit can come in handy.  A gambit is chess a series of strategical moves in which one gives up material in order to have an advantage, and two of the most popular gambit’s for begginers are the king and queens gambit.

King’s Gambit

The point of a gambit is to gain center control. The person using the king’s gambit is giving up a pawn in order to make his opponent have a one to two central pawn disadvantage.  In a powerful variation of the king’s gambit,
white can put black in a precarious situation. For instance, white moves his
king’s pawn to E4, and black then moves E5. Now white employs the king’s gambit with pawn F4. Black sees a free pawn and takes on F4. White can now take advantage of black’s of balance center. To see a nice variant on the king’s
gambit, visit http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=HdHWAuQRG7E.

Queen’s Gambit

Next is the queen’s gambit. The queen’s gambit is the most popular because it gives white the option of retaking the pawn that it lost. The king’s gambit can also retake a lost pawn, but this is not usually done. For example, in the queen’s gambit, white moves D4, and black moves D5. This is where the potential sacrifice comes in. White moves pawn C4, offering what looks like a free pawn. However, White can always get the pawn back by moving his E2 pawn to E3. Now, the king’s bishop is cleared to take the pawn on C4. White now has a nice central pawn advantage. For a nice demonstration and more variations, go to this link: http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=HdHWAuQRG7E.

Gambits are often misunderstood by beginning players. When players are learning chess basics, they are told to never give a pawn away for free. The gambits shown here do just that. However, to be a good chess player, beginners need to know the rules and know when to break them. The king’s and queen’s gambit do indeed give up a pawn for free, but with the queen’s gambit, the pawn can be taken back. Black will find it difficult to defend the pawn and will run into trouble is she does. On the other hand, the king’s gambit will give up a free pawn in order to stifle black’s play.

Gambits can work well when they are understood. Giving up a pawn for central control can give a player a strong central advantage. The two most popular gambits for beginners are the king or queen gambit. Following these strategies will make the beginner a stronger chess player. Know the rules and know how to break them.